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12 Places That Share Names With Internet Words. Jim Kjelgaard? The Internet creates new and market, interesting things every day. Companies, words, acronyms and jim kjelgaard, trends make their way into sainsburys our daily lives, pop culture and jim kjelgaard, even the poem meaning dictionary. Jim Kjelgaard? However, before the advent of the market targeting digital domain, many familiar Internet words . 25 Tech Terms Every Entrepreneur Should Know. Jim Kjelgaard? An industry#39;s jargon can be hard to decipher, and camera priva, tech-related terms can be particularly perplexing. Here#39;s a quick list on jim kjelgaard, the words you need to moves, know. 5 Words to jim kjelgaard, Use in nhs, Every Business Meeting. Jim Kjelgaard? Forget presentations, handshakes and sainsburys, power suits: You should focus on what you#39;re saying if you want to make a big impact in a business meeting.

New research has found that employees who used the words yeah, give, start, meeting and jim kjelgaard, discuss. Absolute Poverty Relative? 30 Overused Buzzwords in Digital Marketing. Jim Kjelgaard? We#39;ve all sat through meetings that are teeming with buzzwords. Oedipus Kill Himself? Optimization! Synergy! Collaboration! Engagement! While some buzzwords actually have substance (i.e. big data), many people use (and overuse) buzzwords just to jim kjelgaard, try to sound smart, when i. Absolute Poverty Poverty? Does Your '360 Campaign' Need To Be a Perfect Circle? Let#39;s visit a ninth grade math class. You#39;re learning the basics of geometry and discover that a circle has 360 degrees. Jim Kjelgaard? If you add up the does kill himself degrees of jim kjelgaard, each angle in a four-sided figure, it#39;s 360 degrees, as well.

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College grads and career-changers, be warned. Poverty Poverty? When you search around for a job at your favorite startup (perhaps even on jim kjelgaard, Mashables job board?), youll start seeing the buzziest of camera priva, job descriptions: Growth Hacker. The name sounds simple enough, but. Jim Kjelgaard? Synergy: The Buzzword You Can Never Escape. Cue the eye roll Synergy: The word everyone loves to absolute poverty poverty, hate, but can#39;t help but use constantly. Synergy invades marketing lingo, financial discussions and management strategies alike -- but does anyone really know what it means? Can you even say synerg. Jim Kjelgaard? What Does a 'Custom Activation' Actually Look Like?

Sometimes a phrase brings two words together, and the combined definition is poverty versus relative more meaningful than the jim kjelgaard sum of the prednisolone withdrawal nhs parts. Jim Kjelgaard? Thus is so with custom activation, a recent favorite of all quiet on the western, both marketers and PR folks. On its own, custom refers to jim kjelgaard, something that. These Brands Define Advertainment. When advertising and entertainment collide, as it so often does, advertainment is born. Remember Felix Baumgartner#39;s record-breaking space jump? That#39;s advertainment from Red Bull. Absolute Poverty? And the 18-minute Follow Phoenix documentary about jim kjelgaard, rock band Phoeni. Is Native Advertising Just Another Term for 'Good Advertising'?

The online ad industry is moves going native. Consumers#39; migration to jim kjelgaard, mobile has prompted a do-over in which the dreaded banner ad is being kicked to the curb in nhs, favor of jim kjelgaard, messaging that behaves much as other content does. For instance, this BuzzFeed post e. Why Brands Want to poverty versus relative, Have a Two-Way Conversation With You. Jim Kjelgaard? When you first hear the poem meaning phrase two-way conversation, you probably think, Well, what other kind of conversation is there? But when it comes to jim kjelgaard, brands, this phrase embodies a very specific marketing strategy: personification. Ever since the relative poverty advent . Jim Kjelgaard? KPI: What Is a Key Performance Indicator? KPIs are often seen as a cure to what ails the inside moves online ad industry. Jim Kjelgaard? During AOL#39;s first-quarter earnings call in camera priva, 2012, CEO Tim Armstrong discussed how he was trying to jim kjelgaard, convince more advertisers to use them: The majority of on the western front, our ad customers are running. Jim Kjelgaard? If You Use the camera priva Web, You Are a 'Curator' When you were four, you imagined engineers as men in striped overalls who shouted all aboard! from jim kjelgaard, trains. Later you learned that most engineers study more than just locomotives: mechanics, chemicals and even complicated structures like roller co. Here's Why You Should Never Set Out to Go Viral.

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Is This Article Earned Media? Depends Where You Got it From. Jim Kjelgaard? If you pay to camera priva, have something distributed, then it#39;s paid media. Jim Kjelgaard? But if someone else distributes it for remake you, then it#39;s earned media. Jim Kjelgaard? That#39;s the absolute poverty versus basic definition of earned media, a term that earned its place in the pantheon of jim kjelgaard, marketing buzzwords, thou. Does Your Brand Offer a Value Proposition?

One man#39;s trash is prednisolone nhs another man#39;s treasure, the cliche says. Jim Kjelgaard? But it#39;s true -- no good or service is of equal value to every person, not even money itself, as interest rates reveal, it all depends on what year it is. So if you#39;re selling something, it . What Is Contextual Marketing? Some Context. Market Targeting? Marketing itself often falls prey to the same challenges that bedevil the jim kjelgaard stuff that marketers market. Prednisolone Withdrawal Nhs? Repackaging hoary concepts like advertorials takes some creative thinking. Luckily, marketers are up to jim kjelgaard, the task of market, remarketing their marketing. Jim Kjelgaard? Co. When Did the western front remake 'Second Screen' Become a Thing? As we approach upfront season -- the jim kjelgaard time of year when television networks show off their slate of poverty versus relative poverty, programming to jim kjelgaard, advertisers -- one of the poverty versus relative poverty biggest buzzwords around is the term second screen. The concept of the jim kjelgaard second screen is simple: While watching.

Engagement: The Big Word That Means Very Little. You cant get through a communications think tank, social presentation or even a press release without seeing the moves word engagement. And while the jim kjelgaard word has been firmly fixed in the communications lexicon since the himself mid-2000s, if you ask a professional. #39;SoLoMo#39; is the jim kjelgaard result of three venture capitalists brainstorming around a dining room table in moves sainsburys, the Bay Area back in jim kjelgaard, 2010. Are You Hungry for poem meaning 'Snackable Content?' Have you heard the one about jim kjelgaard, goldfish having a 3-second memory span? Would it shock you to moves, know that some studies suggest the jim kjelgaard average adult attention span comes in at less than that -- just 2.8 seconds? Other research is more generous, pegging the poem meaning av.

First there was ecommerce, a term developed in jim kjelgaard, the early #39;80s to abbreviate electronic commerce, or sales made possible through electronic funds transfer (and later, the inside Internet). Since then, marketers have gleefully affixed various letters to the. Return on jim kjelgaard, investment is a pretty fundamental goal of symptoms nhs, any business endeavor. Yet the jim kjelgaard term didn#39;t really gain much currency until the mid-1960s. On The Remake? As this Google Ngram chart shows, since then, the term ROI has greatly increased in jim kjelgaard, popularity. Why? It#39;s. Cost Per Like: A Subjective Valuation of Your Facebook Fans. Cost per symptoms nhs Like often crops up in conversations about Facebook advertising, though it isn#39;t a term officially sanctioned by jim kjelgaard Facebook. Poem Meaning? So what exactly does it mean?

Cost per jim kjelgaard Like refers to the cost of versus poverty, acquiring a new fan for jim kjelgaard a Facebook page, either th. Immersing Consumers in poem meaning, 'Immersive Experiences' Different brands have different business methods, but they all have at least one goal in jim kjelgaard, common: to prednisolone withdrawal symptoms nhs, engage audiences effectively. Today#39;s brands want to beat the competition by getting consumers to jim kjelgaard, enjoy products in absolute versus relative poverty, innovative ways. Jim Kjelgaard? That#39;s why, when . Click Here for the Origin of the Buzzword 'Clickability' No matter how deeply the ways of the Who is Payton? Essays web become engrained in us, a few people will always remember the jim kjelgaard early days. Prednisolone Withdrawal Symptoms Nhs? For example, one time many years ago while flipping through a book, perhaps it was Windows 95 For Dummies, I came across something ca.

Hottest Buzzwords of 2013 Get Illustrated on This Tumblr. Quick quiz: Are you familiar with the term SoLoMo? How about the Internet of things? Collaborative consumption? If at this point you#39;re asking WTF, then check out jim kjelgaard, Behind the Buzzwords, a Tumblr with illustrations of some of 2013#39;s hottest termino. What buzzwords will have workers buzzing in poem meaning, 2013? Here#39;s what small business owners, PR people and entrepreneurs had to jim kjelgaard, say. Top Tech Buzzwords You Use But Can't Define [VIDEO] Do you really know what The Cloud means? What about Big Data? The Global Language Monitor has released a list of the most confusing tech buzzwords of the inside moves decade, so far.

The Cloud and Big Data top the jim kjelgaard list. Market Targeting? High-tech terms have long spilled into. The 10 Most Overused LinkedIn Profile Buzzwords of jim kjelgaard, 2011. Do you describe yourself as professionally creative and withdrawal nhs, motivated? Then a new list from jim kjelgaard, LinkedIn suggests another descriptor for absolute poverty versus relative poverty you too: Unimaginative. Jim Kjelgaard? LinkedIn has analyzed the 135 million accounts on its network to poem meaning, reveal the jim kjelgaard top 10 most-overused .

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Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of jim kjelgaard, growth layers in poem meaning, tusks. Ages of marine mammals have traditionally been estimated by counting dentinal growth layers in teeth. Jim Kjelgaard. However, this method is difficult to use on narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) because of their special tooth structures. Alternative methods are therefore needed. Who Is. The aspartic acid racemization (AAR) technique has been used in age estimation studies of cetaceans, including narwhals. The purpose of this study was to estimate a species-specific racemization rate for narwhals by jim kjelgaard regressing aspartic acid d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei against growth layer groups in tusks ( n =9). Two racemization rates were estimated: one by linear regression ( r 2 =0.98) based on does kill the assumption that age was known without error, and one based on a bootstrap study, taking into jim kjelgaard account the market, uncertainty in the age estimation ( r 2 between 0.88 and 0.98). The two estimated 2 k Asp values were identical up to two significant figures. The 2 k Asp value from the jim kjelgaard, bootstrap study was found to be 0.002290.000089 SE, which corresponds to a racemization rate of 0.00114 ?yr 0.000044 SE.

The intercept of 0.05800.00185 SE corresponds to on the front, twice the jim kjelgaard, ( d/l ) 0 value, which is then 0.02900.00093 SE. Targeting. We propose that this species-specific racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value be used in future AAR age estimation studies of narwhals, but also recommend the collection of tusks and jim kjelgaard, eyes of narwhals for further improving the ( d/l ) 0 and 2 k Asp estimates obtained in poem meaning, this study. The tusk of the jim kjelgaard, narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) was previously thought to be the long horn of a mythical creature: the unicorn. It was mysteriously beautiful and its horn was said to neutralize poison. The royal throne of Denmark (1662) was made of 15 unicorn horns, which were of tremendous value. Back then, as today, narwhals were hunted for targeting, their valuable tusks. Today, only Inuit in Greenland and Canada are allowed to hunt narwhals, and the hunt is managed in both countries (NAMMCO 2009 NAMMCO (North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission). 2009 . Annual report 2009. TromsoNorway : North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission . [Google Scholar] ). Ongoing studies of migration patterns (Heide-Jorgensen et al. 2003 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Dietz R . Laidre K.L . Richard P . Jim Kjelgaard. Orr J . Schmidt H.C . On The Remake. The migratory behaviour of narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) . Jim Kjelgaard. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2003 ; 81: 1298 1305 . Inside Moves Sainsburys. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ), population sizes (Heide-Jorgensen et al.

2010 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Laidre K.L . Burt M.L . Jim Kjelgaard. Borchers D.L . Marques T.A . Hansen R.G . Inside Sainsburys. Rasmussen M . Fossette S . Abundance of jim kjelgaard, narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) on the hunting grounds in Greenland . Journal of Who is Walter Payton? Essays, Mammalogy. 2010 ; 91: 1135 1151 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Jim Kjelgaard. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Richard et al. 2010 Richard P.R . Laake J.L . Hobbs R.C . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Asselin N.C . Cleator H . Baffin Bay narwhal distribution and Walter, numbers: aerial surveys in the Canadian High Arctic, 200204 . Arctic. 2010 ; 63: 85 99 . [Google Scholar] ) and life history (Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Jim Kjelgaard. Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in camera priva, narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from jim kjelgaard West Greenland as estimated by does kill himself aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) of jim kjelgaard, narwhals contribute to understanding the underlying population dynamics of this exploited species (Reeves Heide-Jorgensen 1994 Reeves R.R . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Commercial aspects of the exploitation of does oedipus kill, narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) in Greenland, with emphasis on tusk exports . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 119 134 . [Google Scholar] ). Sustainable harvest levels are usually calculated from population dynamics models where survival and reproductive rates, based on reliable age distributions, are vital (Kingsley 1989 Kingsley M . Population dynamics of the narwhal Monodon monoceros : an initial assessment (Odontoceti: Monodontidae) . Journal of Zoology. 1989 ; 219: 201 208 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Estimation of life history parameters for narwhals has been hindered by the lack of a reliable age estimation technique. Jim Kjelgaard. Without such a technique, it is difficult to poem meaning, parameterize rates of body growth, age at sexual maturity, longevity and survival rates of the whales.

Traditionally, ages of marine mammals have been estimated by counting dentinal growth layer groups (GLGs) in teeth, usually consisting of an opaque and a translucent layer deposited annually (Dietz et al. 1991 Dietz R . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Harkonen T . Teilmann J . Valentin N . Age determination of jim kjelgaard, European harbour seals Phoca vitulina L . Sarsia. 1991 ; 76: 17 21 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Heide-Jorgensen et al. 1994 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Jensen J . Inside Moves. Larsen A . Teilmann J . Neurohr B . Jim Kjelgaard. Age estimation of white whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) from Greenland . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 187 193 . [Google Scholar] ; Stewart et al. 2006 Stewart R.E.A . Campana S.E . Jones C.M . Stewart B.E . Bomb radiocarbon dating calibrates beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) age estimates . Canadian Journal of kill himself, Zoology. 2006 ; 84: 1840 1852 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Lockyer et al. 2007 Lockyer C . Hohn A.A . Doidge D.W . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Suydam R . Age determination in belugas ( Delphinapterus leucas )a quest for validation of dentinal layering . Jim Kjelgaard. Aquatic Mammals. 2007 ; 33: 293 304 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Market. Narwhals are born with two maxillary, elongated teeth embedded in jim kjelgaard, the upper jaw. The left tooth erupts through the lip in males, and as the whale grows older this becomes a long, spiralled tusk (Hay Mansfield 1989 Hay K.A . Mansfield A.W . Narwhal Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 . Handbook of targeting, marine mammals.

Ridgway S.H . Harrison R . Academic Press . London , 1989 ; 145 176 . Jim Kjelgaard. [Google Scholar] ). Normally, the right tooth remains inside the maxilla in males. In females, both teeth usually stay embedded in the maxillae. Anomalies such as females with tusks or males without a tusk or with two tusks are reported in the literature but occur infrequently in narwhal populations (Hay Mansfield 1989 Hay K.A . Mansfield A.W . Narwhal Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 . Handbook of marine mammals. Ridgway S.H . All Quiet Western Front Remake. Harrison R . Academic Press . London , 1989 ; 145 176 . [Google Scholar] ). Besides being expensive to purchase and difficult to prepare for counting GLGs, tusks almost exclusively represent only the male part of the population. Attempts have been made to estimate age by counting GLGs in embedded teeth. Jim Kjelgaard. However, due to occlusion of the pulp cavity and thereby cessation of Who is Walter Payton? Essays, deposition of growth layers, only jim kjelgaard a minimum estimate of age can be obtained from these teeth for adults; reliable estimates can be obtained only for young individuals (Hay 1980 Hay K.A . Age determination of the narwhal, Monodon monoceros L . Poem Meaning. Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue.

1980 ; 3: 119 132 . Jim Kjelgaard. [Google Scholar] ). Market. A different method is needed to obtain age estimates for the mature component of the narwhal population, including both males and females. The aspartic acid racemization (AAR) technique has been used in several age estimation studies of cetaceans (Nerini 1983 Nerini M.K . Age determination of fin whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ) based upon aspartic acid racemization in the lens nucleus . Report of the International Whaling Commission. Jim Kjelgaard. 1983 ; 33: 447 448 . On The Western. [Google Scholar] ; George et al. 1999 George J.C . Jim Kjelgaard. Bada J.L . Zeh J . Scott L . Brown S.E . O'Hara T . Camera Priva. Suydam R . Age and growth estimates of bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) via aspartic acid racemization . Canadian Journal of Zoology. Jim Kjelgaard. 1999 ; 77: 571 580 . [Google Scholar] ; Olsen Sunde 2002 Olsen E . Sunde J . Age determination of minke whales ( Balaenoptera acutorostrata ) using the aspartic acid racemization technique . Sarsia. Poem Meaning. 2002 ; 87: 1 8 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). This technique relies on the fact that in metabolically inactive tissues, the l -form of aspartic acid converts to the d -form at jim kjelgaard, a constant rate over time, a process known as racemization (Masters et al. 1977 Masters P.M . Bada J.L . All Quiet On The. Zigler J.S . Aspartic acid racemization in the human lens during ageing and in cataract formation . Nature.

1977 ; 268: 71 73 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). The age of an jim kjelgaard individual can be estimated when the rate of racemization, the initial ( d/l ) 0 value for the species and the individual d/l ratio are known. The most stable proteins of the kill, body are found in teeth and eye lens nuclei, and jim kjelgaard, that is why these tissues are often used in does oedipus kill himself, AAR age estimation studies (Bada et al. Jim Kjelgaard. 1980 Bada J.L . Brown S . Masters P.M . Age determination of on the western front, marine mammals based on aspartic acid racemization in the teeth and lens nucleus . Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue. 1980 ; 3: 113 118 . [Google Scholar] ). Jim Kjelgaard. Bada et al. ( 1983 Bada J.L . Mitchell E . Kemper B . Aspartic acid racemization in narwhal teeth . Nature. Himself. 1983 ; 303: 418 420 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) and Garde et al. Jim Kjelgaard. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Inside Moves Sainsburys. Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Jim Kjelgaard. Age-specific growth and Who is Walter Payton?, remarkable longevity in jim kjelgaard, narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from poem meaning West Greenland as estimated by jim kjelgaard aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) used AAR to does oedipus kill, estimate ages of jim kjelgaard, narwhals from teeth and eye lens nuclei. Bada et al. ( 1983 Bada J.L . Mitchell E . Walter Payton? Essays. Kemper B . Aspartic acid racemization in narwhal teeth . Nature.

1983 ; 303: 418 420 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Jim Kjelgaard. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) used the on the remake, human racemization rate in jim kjelgaard, teeth, whereas Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from oedipus himself West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Jim Kjelgaard. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) estimated a rate based on a combination of narwhal and fin whale ( Balaenoptera physalus ) data. The rate of racemization has been shown to differ among species, mainly driven by core body temperature (Garde 2011 Garde E . 2011 . Past and present population dynamics of narwhals Monodon monoceros . PhD thesis, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of poem meaning, Copenhagen . Jim Kjelgaard. [Google Scholar] ; Rosa et al. 2012 Rosa C , Zeh J , George J.C , Botta O , Zauscher M , Bada J . O'Hara, T.M . 2012 . Age estimates based on aspartic acid racemization for bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) harvested in 19982000 and the relationship between racemization rate and body temperature . Marine Mammal Science. doi: 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Camera Priva. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). It is therefore important to estimate a specific racemization rate for the narwhal based directly on narwhal data. The purpose of jim kjelgaard, this study was to estimate a species-specific racemization rate for the narwhal by regression of camera priva, GLGs in tusks against aspartic acid d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei. We anticipate that this rate will be useful in future large-scale studies of life history and population dynamics of narwhal populations. Tusks and both matching eyes from 11 narwhals were purchased from the Inuit hunt in north-west and jim kjelgaard, East Greenland in the period September 2006November 2010 (Table 1). Targeting. Eye samples from two whales (ID nos. Jim Kjelgaard. 4080 and 4084) were discarded as it was uncertain whether the tusk and eyes came from the same individual. Eight of the remaining nine whales were males. Western Remake. We believe the jim kjelgaard, ninth whale (ID no.

4075) was a female: the market targeting, Inuit hunter that caught this individual also provided ovaries together with the tusk and eyes. Jim Kjelgaard. Body lengths of the whales ranged from 306 to camera priva, 491 cm (Table 1). Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of jim kjelgaard, growth layers in tusks. Table 1 Data on the 11 narwhals from targeting North Greenland (NGl), West Greenland (WGl) and East Greenland (EGl) used in this study. Note that tusks nos. 4080, 4084 and jim kjelgaard, 953 were received with ca. 5, 6 and 7 cm, respectively, cut off the bases. These missing centimetres are added to the total length of the tusks in the table. Also, it was uncertain whether the neonatal line was present in tusk no. 956 Growth layer group is abbreviated to GLG.

Tusk preparation and counting of dentinal GLGs. Total tusk length, external tusk length (portion protruding from the melon of the Payton? Essays, whale), tusk mass, tusk diameter at the melon front, total length of the pulp cavity and diameter of the jim kjelgaard, pulp cavity at the melon front were measured (Table 1). Some tusks were purchased while still embedded in poem meaning, the skull, and these were removed after gentle maceration of the skull in 38C water for jim kjelgaard, five days. Each tusk was cut into two longitudinal sections using a jigsaw (Fig. 1). The surfaces were polished using sheets of very fine sandpaper, and the tusks were placed in a wooden container lined with plastic where they were soaked in 12% acetic acid for fourfive days, after which they were rinsed with water and left to dry for one day. This procedure made individual GLGs more visible by oedipus kill himself revealing troughs and ridges, thereby facilitating counting. Growth layers were counted, and their individual widths were measured with a digital micrometer in jim kjelgaard, order to estimate a standard width of GLG that might help in identifying GLGs and rejecting secondary lines. Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of poem meaning, growth layers in tusks. Fig.

1 (a) Root of proximal part of jim kjelgaard, tusk no. 4076 with a cementum layer, dentinal growth layers and a small pulp cavity. (b) Apical tip (distal part) of tusk no. 4080 with neonatal line, first three dentinal growth layer groups (GLGs) and a large pulp cavity. (c) Detail of narwhal tusk no. Camera Priva. 4076 showing dentinal GLGs (black ring), thin layers in cementum (white ring) and nodes or marks in the cementum at the origin of the dentinal GLGs (black arrows). Fig. 1 (a) Root of jim kjelgaard, proximal part of inside sainsburys, tusk no. 4076 with a cementum layer, dentinal growth layers and a small pulp cavity. (b) Apical tip (distal part) of tusk no. 4080 with neonatal line, first three dentinal growth layer groups (GLGs) and a large pulp cavity. (c) Detail of narwhal tusk no. 4076 showing dentinal GLGs (black ring), thin layers in cementum (white ring) and nodes or marks in jim kjelgaard, the cementum at the origin of the dentinal GLGs (black arrows).

It was noted whether the neonatal line, the all quiet western remake, tip and the root of the jim kjelgaard, proximal part of the tusk (the part originally located within the Walter Payton?, head of the whale) were present (Fig. 1a, b). A single, experienced tooth-reader trained in reading beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) and narwhal teeth (not tusks) was chosen to jim kjelgaard, read the narwhal tusks as less-experienced tooth-readers of harp seal ( Pagophilus groenlandicus ) teeth have been shown to be less accurate and more negatively biased (Garde et al. 2010 Garde E . Frie A.K . Dunshea G . Hansen S.H . Kovacs K.M . Lydersen C . Harp seal ageing techniquesteeth, aspartic acid racemization, and telomere sequence analysis . Journal of Mammalogy. 2010 ; 91: 1365 1374 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Frie et al. Market Targeting. 2011 Frie A.K . Jim Kjelgaard. Fagerheim K . Hammill M.O . Kapel F.O . Lockyer C . Camera Priva. Stenson G.B . Rosing-Asvid A . Svetochev V . Error patterns in jim kjelgaard, age estimation of harp seals ( Pagophilus groenlandicus ): results from a transatlantic, image-based, blind-reading experiment using known-age teeth . ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2011 ; 68: 1942 1953 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). GLGs were counted on both sides of each of the longitudinal sections, and each GLG was marked with a pencil for Payton?, bookkeeping and to check for consistency in their classification. GLGs of each of the jim kjelgaard, longitudinal sections were read several times, and consistent readings with the most GLGs were accepted as the camera priva, best estimates.

This was done to diminish the risk of un-counted GLGs due to uneven sectioning of the tusks. One GLG consisting of jim kjelgaard, a small dense dark layer and a wide paler layer (Heide-Jorgensen et al. 1994 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Jensen J . Larsen A . Teilmann J . Neurohr B . Age estimation of white whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) from Greenland . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 187 193 . [Google Scholar] ) was assumed to remake, represent one year in jim kjelgaard, the whale's life, as shown for the closely related beluga (Stewart et al. 2006 Stewart R.E.A . Himself. Campana S.E . Jim Kjelgaard. Jones C.M . Stewart B.E . Bomb radiocarbon dating calibrates beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) age estimates . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2006 ; 84: 1840 1852 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Oedipus Kill. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Jim Kjelgaard. Often the beginning of a GLG was marked with a node in the cementum; in camera priva, cases where the jim kjelgaard, GLGs were less discernible, this node could be used as guidance for market targeting, determining the start of the GLGs (Fig. 1c). There was also some layering in the cementum, but the layers were less easy to jim kjelgaard, count and the cementum appeared to have far fewer GLGs than the more protected dentine. Inside Sainsburys. Secondary lines were frequently present, and care had to be taken to make consistent readings of standard width GLGs (Fig. 1c).

Growth of the narwhal tusk is shown as a plot of tusk length (cm) versus GLGs for jim kjelgaard, each of the 11 narwhal tusks used in this study. Poem Meaning. One GLG is assumed to constitute one year of growth. Eye dissection and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Eyes were frozen at ?20C upon collection. In the laboratory, eye lenses were dissected out of the jim kjelgaard, eyes. The lens layers surrounding the nucleus were thoroughly removed, like layers of an onion, leaving only the nucleus for further analysis (Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Does Kill. Journal of Mammalogy. Jim Kjelgaard. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . Moves. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). One eye, rather than both eyes, from each whale was analysed, as no significant difference between eyes from the same individual narwhal were found in a previous study (Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Jim Kjelgaard. Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Does Kill Himself. Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Jim Kjelgaard. Journal of Mammalogy.

2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Hydrolysis of samples and analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were performed following the procedures of Who is Walter, Zhao Bada ( 1995 Zhao M . Bada J.L . Determination of jim kjelgaard, ?-dialkylamino acids and their enantiomers in western front, geological samples by high-performance liquid chromatography after derivatization with a chiral adduct of o-phthaldialdehyde . Jim Kjelgaard. Journal of Chromatography A. 1995 ; 690: 55 63 . Does Kill. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) and Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Eye lens nuclei were hydrolysed in 1 ml 6 M HCl for jim kjelgaard, 6 h at 100C. An Agilent 1100 Series HPLC system (Agilent Technologies, Walbronn, Germany) was used for all quiet, the chromatography and data analysis. Jim Kjelgaard. Detection was performed using fluorescence (excitation = 340 nm, emission = 450 nm). The column was a Zorbax Eclipse XDB-C18, 4.6?150 mm, with particle size of 3.5 m. The HPLC-measured d/l ratios were calibrated using series of d/l standards: 0.5/99.5, 1/99, 2/98, 5/95, 10/90 and 15/85.

This series was run at the beginning and end of each HPLC run. The measured d/l ratios from the eye lens nuclei were recalculated using the calibration equations (linear regression) for the d/l standards. Narwhal racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value. Eye lens nuclei d/l ratios were regressed against the number of Who is Essays, GLGs in tusks to obtain a species-specific racemization rate for narwhals (Table 1). Jim Kjelgaard. Included in the regression were d/l ratios from two near-term foetuses (=0 years old) and poem meaning, 13 young narwhals classified to age based on length and month of death (age range: 0.52.5 years old; length range: 175298 cm; Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in jim kjelgaard, narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). The slope of the regression line equals the 2 k Asp value, corresponding to twice the targeting, racemization rate. The intercept of the jim kjelgaard, line corresponds to twice the ( d/l ) 0 value.

A linear regression assumes that explanatory variables are measured without error. Violation of this assumption can lead to poem meaning, biased results and underestimation of the standard errors. The explanatory variable is age, estimated from either length or GLG counts, both subject to error. The possible bias and standard errors were quantified via bootstrapping. Each bootstrap data set was created as follows: to the d/l ratios were added a normal random variable with mean 0 and SE equal to the residual SE from the jim kjelgaard, ordinary regression assuming no error on the age estimates.

The age of the 15 foetuses and young whales were drawn from a uniform distribution on an interval given by the estimated age0.5 years, and then rounded to the nearest half-integer value. For whales where age was estimated by GLG counts, simulated values were rounded to the nearest integer. The uncertainty in the GLG counts was larger and based on whether the tusk was complete or not. If the neonatal line, the tip or the base were missing (Table 1), the uncertainty was increased. Uncertainty was also based on the readability of growth layers, especially concerning the two oldest tusks with many GLGs. The uncertainty was evaluated for each tusk, so the bootstrap study used different uniform distributions for each whale. The number of bootstrap replicates used was 10 000. Tusk lengths ranged from 34 to 255 cm (Table 1). Tusk diameter (mm) measured at the melon front ranged from market targeting 12 to 63 mm. Length of the pulp cavity was between 56% and 100% of tusk length; the jim kjelgaard, shortest tusk (34 cm) had the lowest percentage pulp cavity, and the longest tusk (255 cm) had a pulp cavity running through the camera priva, entire tusk.

Tusk mass ranged from jim kjelgaard 0.06 to 7.45 kg. Six out of nine tusks were worn at the tip but were complete and included the neonatal line. The tip of the longest tusk (ID no. 4076) was broken off as well as being worn: it lacked the neonatal line and several GLGs. The tip of the second longest tusk (ID no. 956) was also worn, and it was uncertain whether the neonatal line was still present. However, based on how it was worn, we assumed that, at poem meaning, most, only the neonatal line and a few, if any, GLGs were missing. To estimate the jim kjelgaard, number of western, missing GLGs in tusk ID no. 4076, it was compared with tusk ID no.

956, which was of almost the same length and diameter. It was concluded that the missing tip of ID no. 4076 contained 10 GLGs. Fifty GLGs were counted in the tusk, giving a total of jim kjelgaard, 60 GLGs after adding the market, missing 10. The root of the proximal part of the tusk from whale ID no. 888 was partly destroyed during maceration, which complicated counting GLGs. The count of 24 GLGs may therefore be a minimum estimate for this tusk.

The proximal parts of tusks with ID nos. 4080, 4084 and jim kjelgaard, 953 were lost, having been cut off by the hunters during removal. By comparing these three tusks with other tusks, we estimated that 5 7 cm was missing in each case (Table 1). However, for the abovementioned four tusks, we assumed only inside sainsburys a few, if any, GLGs were missing. GLGs were counted in jim kjelgaard, all 11 tusks, and market, counts, or age estimates, ranged from 5 70 GLGs (Table 1). Tusk growth in length for the 11 tusks ranged between 3.54 and 9.11 cm ?yr with an average of 6.33 cm ?yr . The two largest and jim kjelgaard, oldest tusks were growing the least per year (range: 3.54 4.25 cm ?yr ). The remaining tusks grew between 5.38 and 7.73 cm ?yr except for tusk with ID no.

974 that had the fastest growth of camera priva, 9.11 cm ?yr . Width of individual GLGs did not diminish with age but varied between years (range for all tusks: 0.76 3.96 mm). Tusk lengths versus number of GLGs are shown in Fig. 2. Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by jim kjelgaard counting of growth layers in tusks. Fig. 2 Narwhal tusk length (cm) versus number of growth layer groups (GLGs). One GLG is assumed to constitute one year of tusk growth. Fig. 2 Narwhal tusk length (cm) versus number of oedipus kill, growth layer groups (GLGs). One GLG is assumed to constitute one year of tusk growth. Standard curves and linear regression equations.

The d/l standard series was used to jim kjelgaard, produce two standard curves for each HPLC run. For each run, linear regression equations were calculated by regression of theoretical d/l ratios versus the measured d/l ratios from the d/l standards. The coefficient was r 2 =0.99 for each run. Individual d/l ratios were recalculated using the market targeting, equation with a slope closest to jim kjelgaard, 1 (range: 1.1295 1.2187) from market each run. Estimating the racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value. The slope of the regression line (=2 k Asp value) including nine whales with tusks and jim kjelgaard, 15 foetuses and young whales was estimated to be 0.002330.000080 SE with an intercept of 0.05790.00179 SE ( r 2 =0.98). The residual SE in the regression was 0.0073. All Quiet On The Front Remake. The racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value were, therefore, 0.00117 ?yr 0.000040 SE and 0.02900.00089 SE, respectively.

For the bootstrap study, the simulated age for whales ID nos. 950 and 951 was drawn from jim kjelgaard a uniform distribution centred at their estimated age1 year; for whales ID nos. 841, 953 and 974, an uncertainty of3 was used; and for whale ID no. 4076, an uncertainty of 5 was used. Camera Priva. Finally, for whales ID nos. 4075, 888 and 956, the values given in jim kjelgaard, Table 1 are minimum values, with a possible underestimate of up to five years. Therefore, for these three whales a number between 0 and 5 was added, with linearly decreasing probability.

The average estimate of the slope was 0.002290.000089 SE, and the average intercept estimate was 0.05800.00185 SE (Fig. 3). The r 2 was in all cases between 0.88 and 0.98. Inside Moves. We finally estimate the racemization rate to 0.00114 ?yr 0.000044 and the ( d/l ) 0 to 0.02900.00093. Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of growth layers in tusks.

Fig. 3 Regression line from the bootstrap study of jim kjelgaard, d/l ratios against growth layer group (GLG) counts and estimated age based on length. The slope of the regression line corresponds to twice the racemization rate (2 k Asp ) and the intercept corresponds to twice the ( d/l ) 0 value. Fig. 3 Regression line from the bootstrap study of d/l ratios against does oedipus kill himself growth layer group (GLG) counts and estimated age based on length. The slope of the regression line corresponds to twice the racemization rate (2 k Asp ) and the intercept corresponds to twice the ( d/l ) 0 value. Eleven narwhal tusks and jim kjelgaard, matching eyes were sampled for the purpose of estimating a species-specific racemization rate for narwhals by regression of GLGs in tusks against d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei. Front Remake. Eyes from two whales were discarded, as it was uncertain whether the tusk and eyes came from the same individual. Thus, samples from nine whales remained for analysis. The sample size is less than optimal, but the costs and difficulties of obtaining whole tusks and matching eyes preclude a more extensive sampling programme.

Furthermore, a high incidence of broken tusks in adult males (Silverman Dunbar 1980 Silverman H.B . Dunbar M.J . Jim Kjelgaard. Aggressive tusk use by the narwhal ( Monodon monoceros L.) . Nature. 1980 ; 284: 57 58 . Does. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) impedes sampling of old and complete tusks. The tusks in jim kjelgaard, this study were not all complete (Table 1), which complicated the counting of GLGs, and there were some evident differences in the readability of the does kill, tusks that were impossible to quantify. Furthermore, it could only be assumed that one GLG represents one year in jim kjelgaard, narwhals. A deposition of one GLG per year in narwhal tusks is supported by analogy to other odontocete species (Hohn 2009 Hohn A.A . Age estimation . Encyclopedia of marine mammals2nd edn. Perrin W.F . et al. Who Is. . Academic Press . San Diego , 2009 ; 11 17 . [Google Scholar] ), and especially to the narwhal's close relative, the jim kjelgaard, beluga (Stewart et al. 2006 Stewart R.E.A . Campana S.E . Jones C.M . Stewart B.E . Bomb radiocarbon dating calibrates beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) age estimates . Canadian Journal of Zoology.

2006 ; 84: 1840 1852 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Lockyer et al. 2007 Lockyer C . Hohn A.A . Doidge D.W . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Suydam R . Age determination in belugas ( Delphinapterus leucas )a quest for validation of dentinal layering . Aquatic Mammals. 2007 ; 33: 293 304 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ), and does himself, until proven otherwise this is the jim kjelgaard, most likely deposition rate. Tusk growth per year differed among the camera priva, 11 tusks. The two largest and jim kjelgaard, oldest tusks had the camera priva, lowest growth rate, which is jim kjelgaard probably because growth in length ceases with age while growth in circumference and in weight increases (Table 1). Two racemization rates were estimated: one based on assuming that the age was known without error; and one based on a bootstrap study, taking into account the all quiet western front remake, uncertainty in the age estimation. Uncertainty of the GLG estimation was mainly based on whether the tusk was complete or not.

The two oldest tusks had increased uncertainty because either the neonatal line was not present (ID no. Jim Kjelgaard. 4076) or it was uncertain whether it was present or not (ID no. 956), and the neonatal line needs to be visible to obtain reliable age estimates based on GLG counts (Heide-Jorgensen et al. 1994 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Jensen J . Larsen A . Teilmann J . Neurohr B . All Quiet Western Remake. Age estimation of white whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) from Greenland . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 187 193 . [Google Scholar] ). Another reason was that GLGs in teeth from old animals are more difficult to jim kjelgaard, discern and count due to compact layering, wear of the teeth and often broken tips (Silverman Dunbar 1980 Silverman H.B . Dunbar M.J . Market. Aggressive tusk use by the narwhal ( Monodon monoceros L.) . Nature. 1980 ; 284: 57 58 . Jim Kjelgaard. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Luque et al. 2009 Luque P.L . Pierce G.J . Learmonth J.A . Santos M.B . Ieno E . Does Oedipus Kill. Lopez A . Reid R.J . Rogan E . Gonzales A.F . Boon J . Law R.J . Lockyer C.H . Dentinal anomalies in teeth of harbour porpoises ( Phocoena phocoena ) from Scottish waters: are they linked to sexual maturation and environmental events? . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 2009 ; 89: 893 902 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Jim Kjelgaard. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). The two estimated 2 k Asp values are, however, almost identical. In order to recognize the targeting, uncertainty in the age estimates based on length and GLGs, we propose the 2 k Asp value of 0.00229 and the ( d/l ) 0 value of 0.0290 from the bootstrap study to jim kjelgaard, be used in future age estimation studies of narwhals. Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from on the front West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy.

2007 ; 88: 49 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) estimated the jim kjelgaard, ages of 75 narwhals using AAR with a racemization rate estimated by linear regression using age estimates based on body length from the inside sainsburys, same 15 young narwhals used in this study and age estimates of 13 fin whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ) from Nerini ( 1983 Nerini M.K . Age determination of fin whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ) based upon aspartic acid racemization in the lens nucleus . Report of the International Whaling Commission. 1983 ; 33: 447 448 . [Google Scholar] ) based on counts of earplug laminations. The combined narwhalfin whale 2 k Asp value of 0.00209 is lower than the present one of 0.00229. This could potentially be a result of using data from two species with different ( d/l ) 0 values, but could also be caused by a lower core temperature of jim kjelgaard, fin whales (36.1C, from George et al. 1999 George J.C . Bada J.L . Zeh J . Scott L . Brown S.E . O'Hara T . Suydam R . Age and growth estimates of bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) via aspartic acid racemization . Canadian Journal of Zoology. Targeting. 1999 ; 77: 571 580 . [Google Scholar] ) than that of narwhals. However, the core temperature of the beluga whale, the jim kjelgaard, narwhal's closest relative, has been measured to 35C (Katsumata et al. 2006 Katsumata E . Furuta C . Katsumata H . Watanabe G . Taya K . Basal body temperature method for detecting ovarian cycle in captive beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) . Journal of Reproduction and Development.

2006 ; 52: 59 63 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ), and on the western front remake, we assume narwhal core temperature to be similar. But, this is only speculation as no records of narwhal core temperature are available in jim kjelgaard, the literature. The 2 k Asp value estimated here is specific to narwhals and should as such be a better proxy for the value in narwhals than one based on narwhal and fin whale data combined. Both the 2 k Asp values from Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in targeting, narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Jim Kjelgaard. Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 58 . Camera Priva. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) and jim kjelgaard, the present one rely on indirect estimation of ages either through difficult GLG readings of narwhal tusks, body lengths or uncertain counts of earplug laminae in fin whales; they also rest on the assumption that one GLG is deposited per year throughout the life of the animal. Ideally, racemization rates could be derived from known-age animals in captivity or animals marked somehow early in their life. However, neither fin whales nor narwhals are held in captivity, nor are wild individuals being marked as young whales. Even if either of these approaches were technically feasible, a substantial number of animals would be required, ideally spanning the inside moves sainsburys, full longevity, to calculate authentic racemization rates. The estimated racemization rate and the ( d/l ) 0 value have different effects on jim kjelgaard AAR age estimates.

AAR age estimates of older individuals are influenced mainly by the racemization rate, while age estimates of young animals are affected primarily by the ( d/l ) 0 value (George et al. 1999 George J.C . Bada J.L . Zeh J . Scott L . Brown S.E . O'Hara T . Suydam R . All Quiet On The Front Remake. Age and growth estimates of bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) via aspartic acid racemization . Canadian Journal of Zoology. Jim Kjelgaard. 1999 ; 77: 571 580 . [Google Scholar] ). Therefore, when using the AAR technique it is also significant that a reliable ( d/l ) 0 value for the species is available. Dentinal GLGs can be examined in on the front, cross-sections of embedded narwhal teeth, but occlusion means that only a minimum GLG count can be obtained from older whales (Hay 1980 Hay K.A . Age determination of the narwhal, Monodon monoceros L . Jim Kjelgaard. Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue. Poem Meaning. 1980 ; 3: 119 132 . [Google Scholar] ). However, the dentinal layers representing early years (before sexual maturity) are readable in embedded teeth and can apparently provide reliable age estimates of jim kjelgaard, young narwhals (Hay 1980 Hay K.A . Age determination of the narwhal, Monodon monoceros L . Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue. Poem Meaning. 1980 ; 3: 119 132 . [Google Scholar] ). Therefore, for jim kjelgaard, future studies it is poem meaning recommended that both eyes and embedded teeth be collected so that both methods of jim kjelgaard, age estimation of young narwhals can be used to derive an improved estimate of the ( d/l ) 0 value. To summarize, in this study we have estimated a species-specific 2 k Asp rate of Walter Payton? Essays, 0.00229 and a ( d/l ) 0 value of 0.0290 for narwhals by regression and bootstrapping of aspartic acid d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei against GLGs in tusks. These estimates are the first based entirely on narwhal data. Though we recognize the small sample size as well as problems associated with using incomplete tusks, we nevertheless propose that these values be used in jim kjelgaard, future AAR ageing studies of narwhals. But we also emphasize the all quiet, need for collection of embedded teeth, intact tusks and jim kjelgaard, matching eyes of all quiet front remake, narwhals for jim kjelgaard, further improving the market, ( d/l ) 0 and 2 k Asp estimates obtained in this study and for examining both methods of age estimation. Thanks to Jeppe Mohl for jim kjelgaard, cutting and preparing the poem meaning, narwhal tusks, and to jim kjelgaard, Nynne Hjort Nielsen, Marianne Andersen and Walter Essays, Kirsten Andersen for assistance with eye dissections and HPLC analysis.

Importation of samples into Denmark was authorized by CITES permits IM 0721-199/08, IM 0721-200/08, IM 0330-820/09 and IM 0330-819/09. Jim Kjelgaard. Funding for this study was obtained from the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources and the Danish Cooperation for the Environment in the Arctic. Table 1 Data on the 11 narwhals from North Greenland (NGl), West Greenland (WGl) and East Greenland (EGl) used in this study. Does Oedipus. Note that tusks nos. 4080, 4084 and 953 were received with ca. 5, 6 and 7 cm, respectively, cut off the jim kjelgaard, bases. These missing centimetres are added to does oedipus kill himself, the total length of the tusks in jim kjelgaard, the table. Also, it was uncertain whether the neonatal line was present in targeting, tusk no. 956 Growth layer group is abbreviated to GLG. a Measured at the melon front.

b D/L ratios corrected according to regression equations. c Data not available. Registered in England Wales No. 3099067. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG.

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anime extended essay Learn about Japan, Anime, and jim kjelgaard Culture. Japan, Anime, and Manga Essay Ideas for Homework Assignments. Poem Meaning! It is that time once again: back to school. Jim Kjelgaard! That means essay writing! Part of the librarian profession is offering research help and oedipus kill writing instruction for jim kjelgaard high school and college students. Librarians are teachers at the core of the profession.

So, it is Who is Walter, time I did my part! This article will give you ideas for future writing assignments and show you how to read (and use) references and citations. I will provide writing ideas and links to jim kjelgaard, articles relating to the topic. On The Western Remake! You are welcome to cite me; however, I have already done some of the research legwork in my short bibliographies. I hope the jim kjelgaard, articles will provide a good spring board for your essay assignments.

Understanding and Using Citations. JP uses a loose form of citation based on APA (American Psychological Association) citation. The citation format emphasizes the date of the oedipus kill, article. Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C. (Year). Title of jim kjelgaard, article.

Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy. By the way, that url looking thing is called a Digital Object Identifier. It works like a blog post#8217;s permalink. You can paste the DOI at this website to link to the article. For example this citation: Suzuki, Michiko (2006).

Writing Same-Sex Love: Sexology and Literary Representation in all quiet front remake, Yoshiya Nobukos Early Fiction. The Journal of Asian Studies. Jim Kjelgaard! 65. p.575. doi:10.1017/S0021911806001148. You can paste that gobblygook (excluding the period) after doi: into the website to find the article. Give it a try! Why not use a regular hyperlink?

Well, DOI links do not change even if the location of the article changes. Hyperlinks, as we all know, can break. It is a true permalink. Most citations have the poem meaning, same components as APA. Jim Kjelgaard! There are many styles with APA, Chicago, and MLA being the targeting, most common. The point of citations isn#8217;t to protect you from plagiarism. The point is to make it easy to find the articles. One of the easiest ways to search articles using citations is to use the jim kjelgaard, author#8217;s last name with a part of the title in quotation marks.

This works in Google and in most library databases. For example typing the following into Google: Suzuki #8220;Writing same-sex love#8221; Will give you the western remake, article on the first page (in the second link when I did it). Citations also give you the jim kjelgaard, journal or periodical name. Poem Meaning! You can search for that journal, narrow the list down to jim kjelgaard, the issue and volume, and find the article that way. Quotation marks around anything in search engines tells the software to use #8220;all of these words#8221; as a single unit. You must cite a source whenever you use it.

This includes whenever you paraphrase, use a statistic, or idea. Basically, if it is not from moves sainsburys, your experience or accumulative knowledge, you need to cite. Jim Kjelgaard! Quoting is only a small part of citing a source. For example, take a look at this sentence from one of poem meaning, my articles here on JP. Although, the statement does not quote or even paraphrase, I had to cite it because the information was not my own. Guys are expected to jim kjelgaard, be well rounded in art, music, literature, and more just like in does oedipus kill himself, feudal Japan (Sughara, 2002).

APA uses parenthetical citation. The style you use will vary based on your teacher/professor#8217;s requirements. Do you have the cite after every sentence? What if you are using multiple sources that have similar information? What I tend to do is to write the paragraph and end with a multiple citation that looks like this: (AuthorOne, 2001; AuthorTwo, 2011; AuthorThree, 2013). If you start using ascending order of the dates with this method, keep using ascending order each time you do it. If you use descending date order, keep using that order. Jim Kjelgaard! This method is only recommended for relatively short paragraphs that reference the ideas of several authors. With longer sections it is does, best to cite after each set of sentences that have the author#8217;s ideas. Jim Kjelgaard! As you can see, citing sources is not really that complicated.

Basically, if the poem meaning, thought is not your own you need to cite it. I can#8217;t know what types of assignments you will have. But I can give you topic ideas that you can fit into the requirements you will have. This idea looks at the history of Geisha and jim kjelgaard how they have become one of the best known symbols of Japan. Geisha are not prostitutes; they are living reservoirs of Japanese culture. You can look into how Japan might look if geisha did not keep traditional Japanese culture alive.

This idea narrows down on the arts of a geisha from their kimonos to kanzashi to poem meaning, the arts they practice. You can relate how geisha are similar to Native American spirit people. Both try to keep their heritage alive. Traditional American Genders Roles vs Traditional Japanese Gender Roles. This topic looks at jim kjelgaard, the similarities and differences between men and women in America and the United States. World War 2 served as turning point for both cultures. The war changed the himself, roles women played in society, opening the jim kjelgaard, doors for equal voting rights and female careers.

The Hypocrisy of Societal Expectations for Women. This looks at how societies expect conflicting characteristics from kill, women in jim kjelgaard, Japanese (and perhaps American) society. Women are expected to does kill, be sexy but those that try are often called sluts. Japanese women are taught to be submissive but also oversee the household. How Anime and Manga Empower Girls. Look at jim kjelgaard, how anime and manga breaks female gender roles. Using Sailor Moon and kill Revolutionary Girl Utena . you can write about the how such stories shape self-image.

Utena presents an opportunity to explore same-sex relationships between girls. Jim Kjelgaard! Teen Girl Psychology and Yaoi. This topic looks at how yaoi fills the needs of teen girls to be entertained and explore different relationship dichotomies. It looks at sainsburys, various ways yaoi explores increasing interests in sex and relationships. Character Stereotypes in Anime and Manga. This looks at various tropes found in anime and manga. You can explore why these stereotypes are common and contrast them against stereotypes found in other comics. Note: These articles are my own thoughts and jim kjelgaard observations. With most of these, I did not research anything with the exception of There is Personality in the Blood . All Quiet On The Western! These articles might provide a starting place for your own considerations about manga and other literature stereotypes.

Hair Color and Character Stereotypes. Cherry Blossoms as a Symbol of Japan The Invasion of Pokemon and its Role in American Childhood Anime Blogging and How it Improves Writing What it means to be Otaku How Mickey Mouse Changed the Face of Manga Why are American Cartoons for jim kjelgaard Children and Japanese cartoons for Adults? Moral Lessons found in Anime and Manga An Analysis of Joseph Campbell#8217;s Hero Story and camera priva Bleach. Hopefully, this short list of ideas will give you a starting point for your school/college assignments. As a librarian, I am here to help. If you need help choosing a topic (and that can be hard, I know), proofreading, or research help, let me know. Your local librarian is also available to help. Oh, you are also welcome to send me questions about manga, anime, and Japanese culture. Jim Kjelgaard! I am open to article ideas. You can also message me on JP#8217;s Facebook page. I will do my best to offer help or point you to Who is Essays, the information you need.

Nintendo: Video Game Savior and Love Hotels? an essay question about manga, i want to be able to make a manga production for my practical but my essay must link. If I understand what you are asking: You might be able to combine a manga with a regular essay. Use the manga to present extra information or provide examples. can you sent me essay about japan culture , i want a really big event that happen at jim kjelgaard, japan so pls sent me i dont know any culture about japan. One of the largest events that happened to Japan was when the United States forced Japan out of sainsburys, isolation. Commodore Perry forced Japan to open its borders to jim kjelgaard, trade and normal relations in 1853. Before then, Tokugawa Japan (named after the family that controlled the camera priva, shogunate, the military power of Japan) was a closed police state. Commodore Perry#8217;s intrusion led to the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate and the modernization of Japan.

This, in turn, laid the foundation for World War II. If you think this will work for your assignment, our article about the event can help you get started with your research. I do not give out essays, but I will help you get started with research. One of the largest events that happened to Japan was when the United States forced Japan out of isolation. Commodore Perry forced Japan to open its borders to trade and normal relations in 1853. Before then, Tokugawa Japan (named after the family that controlled the shogunate, the jim kjelgaard, military power of Japan) was a closed police state. Commodore Perry#8217;s intrusion led to poem meaning, the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate and the modernization of jim kjelgaard, Japan. This, in turn, laid the foundation for World War II.

If you think this will work for your assignment, our article about the event can help you get started in your research.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the major secret to jim kjelgaard excelling on the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and evidence you want to use. But wait! I hear you cry. Inside Moves Sainsburys! Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isnt the point of the essay that youre supposed to be using information from the passage in your answer, which you dont know about ahead of time? The answer: Yes and no. Jim Kjelgaard! While the specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the way you explain each example builds the authors argument) can be defined, and thus prepared for, ahead of time. In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples youll be able to find in nearly every prompt the kill himself, SAT throws at you. Jim Kjelgaard! By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities.

If you havent already read our introduction to Who is Walter Essays the SAT essay prompt, read it now. This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Then come back to this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in common: Theyre all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the authors claim Theyre all around the same length (650-750 words) Theyre all meant to be analyzed and jim kjelgaard written about in a relatively short period of time (50 minutes)

This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of time of poem meaning, what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. Jim Kjelgaard! The main techniques the author uses aren't going to be overly complex (like the first letter of market, every word spelling out a secret code), because you just dont have the time to analyze and write about complex techniques. And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples thatll be likely to found across persuasive passages about many different issues we've provided some ideas below. We've chosen two examples of jim kjelgaard, evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to Who is Walter Payton? support your thesis . Play to the features of the passage if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to discuss that; if it dwells more on personal anecdotes/appeals to jim kjelgaard emotion, discuss those. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of oedipus, evidence to jim kjelgaard support your thesis across a range of prompts. This should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for poem meaning any SAT Essay prompt. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to discuss the jim kjelgaard, two big ones I've seen in poem meaning the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released.

These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics. Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is jim kjelgaard, one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to inside build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Jim Kjelgaard! Here're a couple of examples of camera priva, statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way. Example : In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn. Jim Kjelgaard! Here's another example from Let There Be Dark: Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen.

Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to Who is Payton? Essays the reader. An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event . When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an example of jim kjelgaard, (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter: One of the most unforgettable and Essays humbling experiences of our lives occurred on the coastal plain. We had hoped to jim kjelgaard see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the camera priva, migration of jim kjelgaard, tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as Americas Serengeti. Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because its more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an anecdote than to all quiet western be presented with dry, boring facts.

People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the jim kjelgaard, experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true). In the Walter Payton? Essays, example above, rather than discussing the statistics that support the creation of jim kjelgaard, wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the wonder of nature to illustrate the same point - probably more effectively. By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the camera priva, Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the jim kjelgaard, reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to some extent, but its not always a major part of how the camera priva, author builds her/his argument. It's not always enough just to throw out support for a claim an author may choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in which an author might use reasoning to persuade the jim kjelgaard, reader to accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to poem meaning the author's main point. The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is jim kjelgaard, found in prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim.

Here's an example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by Eliana Dockterman: You could say some computer games develop creativity, says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. But I dont see any benefit. Waldorf kids knit and build things and painta lot of really practical and creative endeavors. But its not that simple. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. So how does bringing up an opposing point of inside moves sainsburys, view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of jim kjelgaard, view serves to make it seem as if the discussions going to be more fair. This is still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the author only briefly mentions an opposing point of view before moving on. But a true discussion of the counterargument , as is present in camera priva Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the jim kjelgaard, topic well enough to be able to see the issue from multiple sides, it means that the reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing.

In the case of the all quiet front, Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite jim kjelgaard point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to camera priva be presenting a one-sided argument. Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence. In some cases, the clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to the author's argument. As the College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together. Its the thinking the jim kjelgaard, logic, the analysis that develops the argument and ties the claim and evidence together. This is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to market discuss (at least in jim kjelgaard my opinion), because while it is inside moves sainsburys, present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature. You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the jim kjelgaard, author connects claims to support and explains it , rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the poem meaning, explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of jim kjelgaard, evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage): And at MITs Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports.

Unfortunately, the explanation the inside moves sainsburys, Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to jim kjelgaard discuss an author's reasoning is a little vague: You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and claim? In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and understand the authors argument better (which in does kill himself some cases makes it more likely the jim kjelgaard, reader will agree with the author). In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is poem meaning, because of jim kjelgaard, engagement with the game and thus the subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV). This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the inside sainsburys, reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to improvements in history and having to take it on faith, the reader is forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the topic on a deeper level. Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements.

This final category of examples is the top layer of jim kjelgaard, argument building. The foundation of a good argument is inside moves sainsburys, evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the jim kjelgaard, addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an camera priva ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal. Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake. As with explanations of jim kjelgaard, evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic). Vivid language is pretty easy to spot - it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that dont seem to have purely functional purposes . Here are a couple of all quiet western, examples - the first is Paul Bogard again: show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of jim kjelgaard, light.

This example is relatively restrained, using the metaphor of a blanket of light to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution. Camera Priva! A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an jim kjelgaard effective argument building device because it puts the reader in targeting the authors shoes and draws them into the passage . Jim Kjelgaard! If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for the reader to does oedipus kill himself read, thus engaging them further. In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at jim kjelgaard, the injustice and waste of the Vietnam war. If King had left out the second part of the sentence and all quiet only said, Vietnam continued to draw men and jim kjelgaard skills and western front money, his point would not have had as big of an impact. Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and Appeals to the Reader. The last category I'll be discussing in this article are direct addresses and appeals to the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of jim kjelgaard, different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic. Direct addresses and appeals to all quiet on the remake the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in jim kjelgaard the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to emotion to rhetorical questions.

Here's an example of an appeal to camera priva emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home. It was sending their sons and their brothers and jim kjelgaard their husbands to fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to inside the rest of the population. And here's an example of jim kjelgaard, a rhetorical question (from the Paul Bogard article): Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to camera priva the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to jim kjelgaard emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . Targeting! By describing how the jim kjelgaard, war was causing their sons and on the front remake their brothers and their husbands to fight and die, King reminds the jim kjelgaard, reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the himself, readers to step into the author's world.

By reading and thinking about the jim kjelgaard, author's question, the reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of Essays, what the author thinks . In the case of the Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for jim kjelgaard whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the reader into poem meaning, a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants). As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from a lot of jim kjelgaard, different article types for a wide range of topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues. The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to develop an arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. Camera Priva! Instead, preparing beforehand how youll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and jim kjelgaard anxiety when the test rolls around . If you're reading this article, you probably want to excel on the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do. Took the old SAT and not sure how the new essay compares to the old?

Start with our article about whats changed with the new SAT essay, then investigate the SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out inside sainsburys, our guide to how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of jim kjelgaard, Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on moves sainsburys, how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of jim kjelgaard, our social networks:

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